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The Nigeria transport system comprises
- Road Transport
- Rail Transport
- Air Transport
- Marine Transport
Each of these systems has subsystems also. All of these has clearly defined key players who keep the wheels rolling.
- Federal Government
- State Governments
- Local Governments
- Private owners
Transport Support Services:
- Road Safety Corps
- Traffic Wardens
- Police Highway Patrols
- State traffic management authorities
- Maritime Authorities
- Aviation Management Authorities
Non Government regulators – Roads:
- Road Transport Employers Association of Nigeria (RTEAN)
- National Union of Road Transport Workers (NURTW)
- Maritime workers Unions
- Aviation Workers unions
Although these unions are to regulate the conduct of their members, they only collect dues and levies forcefully and perhaps bail their members from Police stations. Their members are noted for the lowest level of discipline in the conduct of their duties. There is the need for serious reforms in these unions to sanitise these especially the road transport system and boost tourism in our country.
Nigeria has more transport routes domestically than the rest of West Africa. This is as a result of the density of the population and hundreds of thousand hamlets, villages, towns and cities scattered along its length and breath. It is equally blessed with a long coastline at the south and many major rivers that could pass for inland waterways. The level of development of the Nigeria transport system is very poor compared to similar economies in African.
In these discussions, we shall examine each sector, do a proper diagnosis and proffer solutions that could improve and impact on the lives of the citizens if the authorities and other stakeholders play their roles efficiently and effectively.
Every Nigerian is a stakeholder with clear duties and obligations to the country and fellow citizens as enshrined in the constitution of the country.
TRANSPORTATION AND TRADE
Transportation is key to trade and actually one of its ancillary services. People move goods and services locally and internationally. To this extent, all forms of transportation are deployed. The efficiency and effectiveness of our transport system depends greatly on several factors viz
- Availability of necessary transport infrastructures like good roads, rails, ports and jetties, airports and airstrips or landing pads
- Training and retraining of all operators and their support staff
- Enabling laws to control conduct and maintenance issues. Existing laws have to be revisited to address present-day realities.
- Attitudinal reorientation of transporters and commuters on Norms, ethics and Morals. The National orientation agency should live up to expectation always.
- Safety and compliance monitoring. The agency entrusted with this function has deviated from their brief. They have turned their duty posts to toll gates instead of ensuring the safety of road users. This is known to all.
- Provision of sufficient modern means of transportation. We see old gauges and busses everywhere because the government is not doing enough in providing sufficient means of transportation. The trains still go on single gauges at this time. There are no modern trawlers and flying boats. Only rickety and dangerous boats adorn the jetties. This must be addressed.
Commuters simply have no choice. No National Air or shipping lines and the Nation has to pay other Nationals thus losing money and depriving its citizens of resultant employment opportunities.
- An effective Judicial system to ensure justice for offenders speedily. Where offenders are back on the streets and continue, as usual, the people are endangered. Proper reformation of offenders is ideal for us to advance.
- Provision of support services is essential. Fuelling, Spare parts and other consumables in the sector should be readily available and affordable.
- Deployment of the necessary technology to monitor. Cctv cameras and speed limit monitors should be used on major highways. This will reduce the rate of crime and accidents on our roads.
- Governments at all levels should see efficient transport system as a priority to avoid wastages amongst farmers who can transport their products to the urban areas. This would further empower our economy.